Sugar Part 1: Overview

All carbohydrates are sugars. (The word “sugar” is synonymous with the word “carbohydrate”).  There are two forms of sugar that this post will discuss.  Sugars are either “simple” or “complex.”  We can also call them “simple carbs” or “complex carbs.”

Simple carbs are the types of sugars you find in fruit, fruit juice, table sugar, milk, honey, yogurt, molasses, maple sugar and brown sugar.  These types of sugars are comprised of one or two molecules.  For example, fructose is a simple sugar found in fruit.  Lactose is a simple sugar found in milk.  Sucrose is a simple sugar found in brown and white sugar, cane or beet sugar, molasses and maple sugar.  Simple sugars are absorbed into the body rapidly.

Complex carbs are the the types of sugars you find in vegetables, whole grains, whole grain breads, oatmeal, legumes, brown rice and whole wheat pasta.  They are also known as “starches” and “fiber.”  They are considered complex because they are comprised of long chains of sugar molecules.  Complex carbs are absorbed more slowly into the body.  This is generally because they are packed with fiber, which slows down the digestive process.

Tomorrow, I will discuss the absortive details in what happens when you consume simple and complex carbs.  Stay tuned!

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: